1. Home
  2. Database and Rules

Database and Rules

◷ Reading Time: 9 minutes

This tutorial shows how to load a filtered data from database and Apply some rules on the data.

  1. How to connect to a Database
  2. Filter data on the database side
  3. Apply some rules on the data

In this tutorial, we are going to calculate a discount for each individual car based on the year of the car


We want to apply discount business rules on some data that are in the database.

The idea is

  1. a flow loads the data from database by passing dateStart and dateEnd to database query
  2. Then iterates on the loaded data, and sets discount for each individual car based on below business rules
If Year is between 2012 and 2015 then Discount is 10%
If Year is between 2015 and 2017 then Discount is 4%
If Year is 2017 then Discount is 1%
Otherwise no Discount

Main Flow

The idea is

  1. A flow loads the relevant amount of data from the database by passing dateStart and dateEnd input parameters. So not all the data is loaded.
  2. Using a Loop to iterate on the loaded data, and sets Discount for each individual car

New Generic Flow

Create a new project and add a Flow as below:

Use Toolbox and Drag and Drop tools from it to the surface of Flow to create the above diagram.

The above Flow below nodes:

Add Flow Parameters

Add the below parameters to flow

  1. cars (Out): List of the cars read from the database
  2. car (Local): Individual car to set the discount
  3. dateStart (In): Start year to filter data
  4. dateEnd (In): End year to filter data

Database Access

You need to

  1. Set connection string
  2. Add a query to load data

Connection String

Connect string can be static inside the flow model or can be passed on by your application. In this example, we use the static method.

Select the Database node in the flow and the Properties Window will be updated.
Click on the button in front of the property value, and the entry window will popup.
Add the connection string to the database, and click the OK button.

Please note we connect to MsSql database here. You can choose other databases by changing Database Type property.

Add Query

In the database’s Properties Window

In the Properties Window of Database node, select the Queries property and Click on the editor (…) button.
The Query collection manager allows you to add multiple queries. In this case, click on the Add button to add our select query.
In the right panel, select Command property and click on the editor (…) button
Write your query in the SQL editor. In this example, we are writing a parameterised query that filters data based on the date on the database side. Then click OK to close the editor.

And you finally have the query ready:

You are back to the query collection manager screen. Select the Parameters property and click the editor (…) button.
Add two-parameter. Name is the parameter name of the query. And Value is the value of the parameter. Add two below parameters. With Name to start and Value of dateStart. And with Name set to end and Value of dateEnd

And you finally have the query ready:

The property Copy Value To of query should be set to Flow parameters cars. This will store the result of query into cars.


In this example, we use a Decision Table for the above rules. To model the above rules:

In the Flow, Right-click on the Decision Table node, and select Create & Link Document
The new document selector appears, Rename your Decision Table to DiscountDT.XML and press OK
To open the new document (Decision Table), in your Project Explorer double click on the file named DiscountDT.xml

And you will have an empty Decision Table as below:

Our Decision Table is going to set a Discount on a Car

  1. Define and Input Parameter called car for this decision table
  2. And we will have
    1. One condition (year ranges)
    2. One action (discount assignment)

The final DT is like below:

Expressions settings are:

  1. Condition Year: car.Year
  2. Action Discount: car.Discount

Finalizing Flow

The last step is to finalize the flow to iterate over the cars and pass them to the Decision Table. Now we are going to link the Loop node to flow parameters:

Select the loop and properties windows will be updated. We have to setup the Iterator properties.
In the loop properties, select List Source and press editor (…) button
Press Control+Space and the suggestion box pops up, select cars and press OK button

Do the same for Item Name and select car and you will have the below properties:


In the Flow, press F5 and the Data Deed Provider screen appears. Then use Data Composer and assign dateStart and dateEnd as below:

  • dateStart = 2014
  • dateEnd = 2017

Data Composer allows you to provide values to the Input Parameters of the flow i.e. dateStart and dateEnd.

When the Flow is run, you can use the data viewer to explore your data. Before going to the Decision Table you can view the below values:

And after running the Decision Table containing the running business rules against the loaded data, you see below result:

As you see in the cars the Decision Table assigned Discount to each car.

Setup Your Database

In this example, we use MsSql, Create a new database called Car-Insurance, and use below scripts to set up the table and data:

Setup Cars Table

Sample Project

Use the attachment at the end of the page to download the sample project (Data-and-Rules.zip).

Updated on February 12, 2020

Article Attachments

Was this article helpful?